Sounds in Words: Onset-Rime
Although speaking and listening may not seem related to learning to read, being aware of sounds in words is very important to reading. This awareness allows children to break apart words orally and use sounds to learn to read and write words. Children first need to become aware of sounds in words without relating those sounds to print. They demonstrate their knowledge using their speaking and listening skills.
You can help your child develop an awareness of sounds in spoken words. Singing silly songs and making up silly words or poems are ways to enhance your child's awareness of sounds. These skills are fun to practice because most children love to play with sounds in words. You can make up silly sentences where most of the words begin with the same sound: Leo the lion liked to lick a lot of lollipops!
There are many types of different sounds in words. For example, you can separate a word into its onset and rime. The onset is the part of a word before the vowel. The rime is the part of a word including the vowel and the string of letters that follows. In the word sun, /s/ is the onset and /ŭn/ is the rime. In the word ring, /r/ is the onset and /ing/ is the rime. In the word stop, /st/ is the onset and /ŏp/ is the rime.
Onset and Rime Picture CardsKey Points About the Video
Help your child take apart and put together the onset and rime of a spoken word.
- Mom has her daughter review the names of the pictures before beginning the activity to make sure she knows the name of each picture.
- Mom offers positive encouragement throughout the activity (e.g. Good! You did that well! You said the onset and rime correctly! You got that, girl!).