Elements of Design

  •  The basis of all design is the arrangement of the elements of a work of art, using the design principles. It is the bringing together of various components into one area and arranging them in such a way as to create a composition, layout or design that is both unified and pleasing to look at. For example every artist whether they realize it or not is familiar with the elements of a composition.

    The Elements of Design are:

    • Line - an actual or implied mark, path, mass, or edge, where length is dominant

    • Form - the mass of the shapes

    • Texture - the structure and minute molding of a surface (rough, smooth, etc.)

    • Value - the degree of lightness or darkness of a given color

    • Color - a pigment

    • Shape - any flat area bound by line, value, or color

    The elements are what the artist uses to create a composition. But it is HOW the artist brings these elements to together and arranges them upon the surface of a canvas that creates the composition. A design is the result of the application of the principles of design.